Quick Answer: What Are The 5 Basic Parts Of A Computer?

What is inside the laptop?

Laptops combine all the input/output components and capabilities of a desktop computer, including the display screen, speakers, a keyboard, data storage device, sometimes an optical disc drive, pointing devices (such as a touchpad or trackpad), with an operating system, a processor and memory into a single unit..

What is the most powerful type of computer?

Computers are usually categories into three general categories:Supercomputer – The fastest, largest, most powerful and most expensive computer.Mainframe Computer – This is a little smaller and less powerful than the supercomputer, but, like the supercomputer it is also expensive.More items…

What is a CU?

Control unit. … The control unit (CU) is a component of a computer’s central processing unit (CPU) that directs the operation of the processor. It tells the computer’s memory, arithmetic and logic unit and input and output devices how to respond to the instructions that have been sent to the processor.

What is CPU made of?

CPUs are made mostly of an element called silicon. Silicon is rather common in earths crust and is a semiconductor. This means that depending on what materials you add to it, it can conduct when a voltage is applied to it. It is the ‘switch that makes a CPU work.

What is the basic elements of computer?

Although the specific architecture of different types of computers may be different, all computers accomplish data processing using five basic elements of the computer system: input, output, datapath, control and memory.

How many parts of computer do we have?

4The 4 main parts of a computer which ensure that users can access a wide variety of tools and services include the central processing unit, or CPU, the motherboard, the hard drive and random access memory, or RAM.

Which is the father of computer?

Charles BabbageCharles Babbage (1791-1871) was an extraordinarily talented scientist, mathematician, economist and engineer. He is best known today – as he was in his lifetime – for inventing two types of cogwheel calculating machines.

What are all the parts in a PC?

PREP 3: Gaming PC PartsCentral processing unit (CPU)Motherboard.Memory (RAM)Graphics processing unit (GPU)Storage.Power supply unit (PSU)System cooling.System cooling.More items…

Which is a part of CPU?

The two typical components of a CPU include the following: The arithmetic logic unit (ALU), which performs arithmetic and logical operations. The control unit (CU), which extracts instructions from memory and decodes and executes them, calling on the ALU when necessary.

What are the 5 basic elements of computer?

Five basic components of computer systemInput Unit.Output Unit.Storage Unit.Central Processing Unit (CPU)Arithmetic and Logic Unit (ALU)Control Unit.

What are the 3 parts of the CPU?

The CPU is made up of three main components, the control unit , the immediate access store and the arithmetic and logic unit .

What is the basic of computer?

A computer consists of four major parts: the input, output, CPU (central processing unit), and memory. Input consists of anything you will add into the computer (microphone, keyboard, mouse, scanner), and output is how the computer gives back to you (think screen, speakers, etc.).

Which one is not a part of CPU?

Primary Storage (RAM) is not a part of CPU. CPU consists of Register (Memory Location), ALU and Control Unit.

What are the two major parts of computer?

Every computer is composed of two basic components: hardware and software. hardware includes the Physical features, which are every part that you can either see or touch, for example: monitor, case, keyboard, mouse, and printer.

What are the 10 parts of computer?

10 Parts that make up a ComputerMemory.Hard Drive or Solid State Drive.Video card.Motherboard.Processor.Power Supply.Monitor.Keyboard and Mouse.More items…

What are the 6 main parts of a computer?

The main components are the motherboard (main component that everything plugs into); the CPU (central processing unit, processes information supplied by the software); RAM (random access memory, temporary storage of software for quick and easy access by the CPU); the hard drive (stores all permanent and some temporary …

What are the 7 major parts of a computer?

These components are found in nearly every computer, and now many tablets and smartphones too.Motherboard. Think of the motherboard as the backbone of nearly any technological device. … Networking cards. … Graphics card. … Processor. … Hard drive. … USB ports. … Monitor ports.